A Redundant Array of Independent Disks, or RAID, is a way of storing the same data across multiple hard disks. All have redundancy to offer some data protection Almost, while RAID 0 is built purely for speed. NOTE: redundancy isn’t a form of backup! There are numerous ways to use RAID and there are a number of different types of array. Some use multiple disks to increase performance – think a several-lane road instead of single, that has to serve traffic moving in two directions – while some are used to increase reliability.

Additionally, there is a third type of RAID that offer the best of both worlds; which we’ve explained below. A RAID array appears to the operating system to be a single logical drive, it doesn’t matter how many specific drives are part of the RAID array. Both hard disks and SSDs can be used, even though it’s advised that complementing drives are used in an individual array for best performance, it isn’t strictly required.

This article focuses on setting up a RAID array with an Intel motherboard for the solitary user. The Rampage V Extreme’s SATA and SATA Express ports connected to Intel’s X99 chipset support RAID 0, 1, 5, and 10 settings. WHAT TYPES OF RAID ARE THERE? 1 and 5. These RAID configurations can and are used independently or in different combinations.

Below are the various kinds of the RAID that are used today. RAID-0: This system has striping but no redundancy of data. It offers the best performance as data is read/written to both drives simultaneously, but no fault-tolerance so if one drive fails both drives are lost by you data. Drives are usually added in multiples of two.

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RAID-1: This kind is also called disk mirroring and consists of at least two drives that duplicate the storage space of data. There is absolutely no striping. Read performance is improved since either drive can be read at the same time, meaning if one disk is busy the other is utilized. Write performance is equivalent to for single-drive storage. RAID-1 supplies the best performance and some fault-tolerance in a multi-user system, although for an individual user it’s unlikely to see as much benefit.

Again drives are usually added in multiples of two. RAID-2 (non-consumer): This type uses striping across disks with some disks storing error checking and correcting (ECC) information. It does not have any advantage over RAID-3 and has been superseded generally. RAID-3 (non-consumer): This type uses striping (RAID 0) but dedicates another drive to storing parity information.

The embedded error checking (ECC) information is utilized to detect errors. Data recovery is accomplished by determining the exclusive OR (XOR) of the info documented on the other drives. Since an I/O procedure addresses all drives at the same time, RAID-3 cannot overlap I/O, and performance is bound by the solitary parity disk. For this reason, RAID-3 is perfect for single-user systems and uses three or more drives best. RAID-4 (non-consumer): This type uses large stripes, therefore you can read records from any single drive.